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Smith, Linda A., Vardaman, Samantha H., and Snow, Melissa A. (2009). The National Report on Domestic Sex Trafficking: America’s Prostituted Children, Shared Hope International.

Using data collected from ten field study assessments from around the United States, the authors provide a comprehensive report on domestic minor sex trafficking that defines and explains the business of this widespread trade. It details the way traffickers and pimps use emotional manipulation to recruit and retain vulnerable (and oftentimes troubled) youth, asserting that these same grooming practices are comparable to the tactics of online child predators. The report notes that the use of technology such as the Internet has presented one of the biggest challenges for law enforcement due to falsified personal information and misleading images placed in advertisements. Craigslist is pointed out to be greatly involved, with nine of the ten field assessments documenting its use in facilitating child trafficking.